Squid configuration directive auth_param
- Changes to auth_param in Squid-4:
New parameter queue-size= to set the maximum number of queued requests.
New parameter on-persistent-overload= to set the action taken when the helper queue is overloaded.
- Changes to auth_param in Squid-3.5:
New parameter key_extras to send additional parameters to the authentication helper.
- Changes to auth_param in Squid-3.4:
New result code BH to signal helper internal errors available in all authentication schemes.
New key message= for error message details in all authentication schemes.
New result code OK and key ha1= in Digest authentication.
New result codes OK, ERR replace result codes AF, and NA in NTLM and Negotiate authentication.
New key token= for NTLM and Negotiate authentication OK responses.
For older versions than 3.3 see the linked pages above
#auth_param negotiate program <uncomment and complete this line to activate> #auth_param negotiate children 20 startup=0 idle=1 #auth_param negotiate keep_alive on # #auth_param digest program <uncomment and complete this line to activate> #auth_param digest children 20 startup=0 idle=1 #auth_param digest realm Squid proxy-caching web server #auth_param digest nonce_garbage_interval 5 minutes #auth_param digest nonce_max_duration 30 minutes #auth_param digest nonce_max_count 50 # #auth_param ntlm program <uncomment and complete this line to activate> #auth_param ntlm children 20 startup=0 idle=1 #auth_param ntlm keep_alive on # #auth_param basic program <uncomment and complete this line> #auth_param basic children 5 startup=5 idle=1 #auth_param basic realm Squid proxy-caching web server #auth_param basic credentialsttl 2 hours
This is used to define parameters for the various authentication schemes supported by Squid. format: auth_param scheme parameter [setting] The order in which authentication schemes are presented to the client is dependent on the order the scheme first appears in config file. IE has a bug (it's not RFC 2617 compliant) in that it will use the basic scheme if basic is the first entry presented, even if more secure schemes are presented. For now use the order in the recommended settings section below. If other browsers have difficulties (don't recognize the schemes offered even if you are using basic) either put basic first, or disable the other schemes (by commenting out their program entry). Once an authentication scheme is fully configured, it can only be shutdown by shutting squid down and restarting. Changes can be made on the fly and activated with a reconfigure. I.E. You can change to a different helper, but not unconfigure the helper completely. Please note that while this directive defines how Squid processes authentication it does not automatically activate authentication. To use authentication you must in addition make use of ACLs based on login name in http_access (proxy_auth, proxy_auth_regex or external with %LOGIN used in the format tag). The browser will be challenged for authentication on the first such acl encountered in http_access processing and will also be re-challenged for new login credentials if the request is being denied by a proxy_auth type acl. WARNING: authentication can't be used in a transparently intercepting proxy as the client then thinks it is talking to an origin server and not the proxy. This is a limitation of bending the TCP/IP protocol to transparently intercepting port 80, not a limitation in Squid. Ports flagged 'transparent', 'intercept', or 'tproxy' have authentication disabled. === Parameters common to all schemes. === "program" cmdline Specifies the command for the external authenticator. By default, each authentication scheme is not used unless a program is specified. See http://wiki.squid-cache.org/Features/AddonHelpers for more details on helper operations and creating your own. "key_extras" format Specifies a string to be append to request line format for the authentication helper. "Quoted" format values may contain spaces and logformat %macros. In theory, any logformat %macro can be used. In practice, a %macro expands as a dash (-) if the helper request is sent before the required macro information is available to Squid. By default, Squid uses request formats provided in scheme-specific examples below (search for %credentials). The expanded key_extras value is added to the Squid credentials cache and, hence, will affect authentication. It can be used to autenticate different users with identical user names (e.g., when user authentication depends on http_port). Avoid adding frequently changing information to key_extras. For example, if you add user source IP, and it changes frequently in your environment, then max_user_ip ACL is going to treat every user+IP combination as a unique "user", breaking the ACL and wasting a lot of memory on those user records. It will also force users to authenticate from scratch whenever their IP changes. "realm" string Specifies the protection scope (aka realm name) which is to be reported to the client for the authentication scheme. It is commonly part of the text the user will see when prompted for their username and password. For Basic the default is "Squid proxy-caching web server". For Digest there is no default, this parameter is mandatory. For NTLM and Negotiate this parameter is ignored. "children" numberofchildren [startup=N] [idle=N] [concurrency=N] [queue-size=N] [on-persistent-overload=action] The maximum number of authenticator processes to spawn. If you start too few Squid will have to wait for them to process a backlog of credential verifications, slowing it down. When password verifications are done via a (slow) network you are likely to need lots of authenticator processes. The startup= and idle= options permit some skew in the exact amount run. A minimum of startup=N will begin during startup and reconfigure. Squid will start more in groups of up to idle=N in an attempt to meet traffic needs and to keep idle=N free above those traffic needs up to the maximum. The concurrency= option sets the number of concurrent requests the helper can process. The default of 0 is used for helpers who only supports one request at a time. Setting this to a number greater than 0 changes the protocol used to include a channel ID field first on the request/response line, allowing multiple requests to be sent to the same helper in parallel without waiting for the response. Concurrency must not be set unless it's known the helper supports the input format with channel-ID fields. The queue-size option sets the maximum number of queued requests. A request is queued when no existing child can accept it due to concurrency limit and no new child can be started due to numberofchildren limit. The default maximum is 2*numberofchildren. Squid is allowed to temporarily exceed the configured maximum, marking the affected helper as "overloaded". If the helper overload lasts more than 3 minutes, the action prescribed by the on-persistent-overload option applies. The on-persistent-overload=action option specifies Squid reaction to a new helper request arriving when the helper has been overloaded for more that 3 minutes already. The number of queued requests determines whether the helper is overloaded (see the queue-size option). Two actions are supported: die Squid worker quits. This is the default behavior. ERR Squid treats the helper request as if it was immediately submitted, and the helper immediately replied with an ERR response. This action has no effect on the already queued and in-progress helper requests. NOTE: NTLM and Negotiate schemes do not support concurrency in the Squid code module even though some helpers can. IF HAVE_AUTH_MODULE_BASIC === Basic authentication parameters === "utf8" on|off HTTP uses iso-latin-1 as character set, while some authentication backends such as LDAP expects UTF-8. If this is set to on Squid will translate the HTTP iso-latin-1 charset to UTF-8 before sending the username and password to the helper. "credentialsttl" timetolive Specifies how long squid assumes an externally validated username:password pair is valid for - in other words how often the helper program is called for that user. Set this low to force revalidation with short lived passwords. NOTE: setting this high does not impact your susceptibility to replay attacks unless you are using an one-time password system (such as SecureID). If you are using such a system, you will be vulnerable to replay attacks unless you also use the max_user_ip ACL in an http_access rule. "casesensitive" on|off Specifies if usernames are case sensitive. Most user databases are case insensitive allowing the same username to be spelled using both lower and upper case letters, but some are case sensitive. This makes a big difference for user_max_ip ACL processing and similar. ENDIF IF HAVE_AUTH_MODULE_DIGEST === Digest authentication parameters === "utf8" on|off HTTP uses iso-latin-1 as character set, while some authentication backends such as LDAP expects UTF-8. If this is set to on Squid will translate the HTTP iso-latin-1 charset to UTF-8 before sending the username and password to the helper. "nonce_garbage_interval" timeinterval Specifies the interval that nonces that have been issued to client_agent's are checked for validity. "nonce_max_duration" timeinterval Specifies the maximum length of time a given nonce will be valid for. "nonce_max_count" number Specifies the maximum number of times a given nonce can be used. "nonce_strictness" on|off Determines if squid requires strict increment-by-1 behavior for nonce counts, or just incrementing (off - for use when user agents generate nonce counts that occasionally miss 1 (ie, 1,2,4,6)). Default off. "check_nonce_count" on|off This directive if set to off can disable the nonce count check completely to work around buggy digest qop implementations in certain mainstream browser versions. Default on to check the nonce count to protect from authentication replay attacks. "post_workaround" on|off This is a workaround to certain buggy browsers who send an incorrect request digest in POST requests when reusing the same nonce as acquired earlier on a GET request. ENDIF IF HAVE_AUTH_MODULE_NEGOTIATE === Negotiate authentication parameters === "keep_alive" on|off If you experience problems with PUT/POST requests when using the this authentication scheme then you can try setting this to off. This will cause Squid to forcibly close the connection on the initial request where the browser asks which schemes are supported by the proxy. ENDIF IF HAVE_AUTH_MODULE_NTLM === NTLM authentication parameters === "keep_alive" on|off If you experience problems with PUT/POST requests when using the this authentication scheme then you can try setting this to off. This will cause Squid to forcibly close the connection on the initial request where the browser asks which schemes are supported by the proxy. ENDIF === Example Configuration === This configuration displays the recommended authentication scheme order from most to least secure with recommended minimum configuration settings for each scheme:
- About Squid
- Why Squid?
- Squid Developers
- How to Donate
- How to Help Out
- Getting Squid
- Squid Source Packages
- Squid Deployment Case-Studies
- Squid Software Foundation
- FAQ and Wiki
- Guide Books:
- Security Advisories
- Bugzilla Database
- Mailing lists
- Contacting us
- Commercial services
- Project Sponsors
- Squid-based products
- Developer Resources
- Related Writings
- Related Software:
- Squid Artwork